Contax Zeiss 21mm f2.8
v Canon 17-40mm f4 L

Lens comparison made at 21mm / f11. Exposure 4 seconds on a Canon 1Ds Mark I mounted on a view camera head on Manfrotto 155 legs, locked and braced, on a concrete floor. Multiple frames were shot, with fractionally different focusing - all exhibited very similar characteristics. RAW images were processed via Capture One on default settings, plus 50 sharpening and converted for web with Pro JPEG.

Samples shown are 1:1 pixel samples shown on an absolutely like-for-like basis (same resampling, conversion and sharpening). The only difference is the lens.


Zeiss 21mm Distagon f2.8 (frame edge)
Canon 17-40mm f4 L (frame edge)

Contax Zeiss 21mm (foreground, frame edge)
Canon 17-40mm f4 L at 21mm (foreground, frame edge)

Zeiss Contax 21mm (mid-ground)
Canon 17-40mm f4 L at 21mm (mid-ground)

Zeiss Contax 21mm
Canon 17-40mm f4 L / 21mm


NB: This is not camera shake!

I know what you're thinking - "no fair to compare a wide zoom with a wide prime" - but here's the kicker: in similar tests, my Canon 17-40mm f4 L convincingly and consistently outperformed Canon's own 20mm, 24mm and 28mm f2.8 primes at f8 and f11 - which in turn perform at least as well as their L-series equivalents at these apertures.

This page was originally built to prove to Canon that I had a bad sample. It's behaviour was curious, however: it was as though the lens was acceptably (but not impressively) sharp at a focal length of 17.85mm, but hopelessly soft (as you see here) at 17.9mm. Quite often it would just pop a stinker for no apparent reason. Eventually, after three months haggling, Canon accepted the lens back and the dealer refunded the money, but as you can imagine, as a Nikon convert's first Canon L lens, my faith in the brand was tarnished for some time.

You can see how my second Canon 17-40mm L performed here.

And if you're not yet convinced of its mediocrity, see how a different sample tested in a different continent was outperformed by two Sigma zooms here.

One Canon dealer glumly confided in me that every time they, or one of their customers, test the 17-40mm f4 L against the Sigma 15-30mm, the Sigma wins. "What about the 16-35mm?:" I enquired. "Don't ask", he replied.

Shame on you Canon.

At least the L zoom is weather sealed, which may be the most positive thing you can say about it. Talk about faint praise...

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